As a typical Guangfu settlement of comb-type layout in South of the five Ridges , it takes on orderly layout, in which traditional architecture is still well preserved. So far it has still maintained landscape style of typical Guangfu comb-type settlement. It is helpful to enrich the basic data of settlement studies and provide multifaceted references for traditional architecture studies researching on this.
This paper firstly trys to have a general situation on settlement studies at home and abroad and get relevant historical background information of the target settlement through reviewing and sorting document literature, secondly it explores the traditional settlement in depth to discover historical humanity value behind settlement development from the informational analysis such as natural environment, the development of clan, social humanity, economic population, etc. Thirdly it turns to specific settlement space research in which spatial feature of this traditional settlement is dissected from such aspects as spatial scale, village layout, traffic system , space type, defense stem and landscape characteristic. Fourthly this paper focuses on settlement architecture, after surveying and mapping the existing traditional architecture in Langtou settlement, it is classified to study flat shape, structure system and facade feature between different architectures. Lastly, it concludes the construction technology and the decorative art feature of Langtou traditional architecture after detailed and deep research with full presentation to most to expection and records of Langtou settlement architecture in order to better sustain the traditional architecture feature and cultural value of Langtou settlement.
This paper conducts a sestematic and deep research on space and architecture of typical Guangfu comb-type settlement, and presents various spatial form and architectural diversity of Langtou settlement, which reveals advanced folk construction wisdom. It can also set up a base for traditional architecture research and protection work in future in Guangfu Region to some extent.